Ammonia is a strong compound of Nitrogen and Hydrogen that can be used for a range of purposes, but with caution. It is a colourless gas with strong specific odour, a weak base, but it also acts as a weak acid, which makes it a very common produced and used product. Around 83% of it are used in the fertilizing field. Ammonia is also used as a antimicrobial agent for food products, respiratory stimulant, especially in the weightlifting sports field, it can even be even fuel for aircrafts. Since it is very powerful, ammonia is rather used in solutions with water, especially when it comes to cleaning, which is another one of its purposes. Carpet cleaning,, for example, should be performed carefully only for spot treating and only in solution. Applying it otherwise might cause colour changes and weakening of the fibres. A typical solution would be 2 tablespoons of ammonia in 1 cup of water. Just blot and do not rub with a cotton cloth. Then continue with 2 teaspoons of mild dish detergent with two cups of warm water solution making and blot again with it. Allow the carpet to air dry. If the stain persists, you might want to try a more concentrated solution and wait for some time for it to react. Then after placing a white cloth on the stain, iron it over on the lowest setting. This will fasten the reaction and draw the stain easier. Be careful not to leave the iron on the spot for more than five seconds in order not to ruin the carpet fibres.
Ammonia is an almost perfect substitute for bleach, so if you are wondering which one to use, definitely choose the milder ammonia. For pet stains,however, be extra careful – do not use it there, firstly because your pet can do his/her business again on it, and secondly because it will make it stink even more, although some sources claim the opposite. In general, ammonia is a strong compound that has to be used with caution and works perfectly well for carpet cleaning. Read a bit on the subject and prepare your perfect cleaning solution for great cleaning results.